Rakhmanny, Roman (real name:Olynyk Roman Dmytrovych; other pseudonyms:Roman Khmil, Romain d’Or; born 26 December 1918, village of Piddnistriany, now the district of Zhydachiv, Lviv oblast) – Ukrainian journalist, editor, writer, literary scholar, historian.
For his outstanding journalistic achievements, in 1972 Roman Rakhmanny received the first award of the Union of Ukrainian Journalists of America. In 1973 he was awarded the Shevchenko Medal by the Ukrainian Canadian Congress. In 1992, on the 100th anniversary of Ukrainian settlement in Canada,he was listed among the 100 most distinguished Ukrainian Canadians and was awarded an honorary citation and a medal by the Ukrainian Canadian Committee.
Roman Rakhmanny is the author of numerous books, including Krov ³chornylo (Blood and Ink, 1960), Budivnychyi pershoyi Ukrainskoyi NarodnoyiRespubliky (The Builder of the First Ukrainian People’s Republic, 1966), Napiatdesiatii paraleli (On the Fiftieth Parallel, 1969), Ne slovom yedynym (Not By Word Alone, 1971), Chervonyi smikh nad Kyevom (Red Laughter Over Kiev, 1971), Vohon ³ popil(Fire and Ashes, 1974), Vohni samostiynoyi Ukrainy (Fires of an Independent Ukraine, 1978), In Defense of the Ukrainian Cause (1979), Derzhavnytska slava UPA (The State-Building Glory of the UPA, 1982), Dmytro Dontsov ³ Mykola Khvylovy, 1923-33 (1984).
The three-volume work entitled Ukraina atomnoho viku (Ukraine of the Atomic Age, 1987-91), encompassing the journalistic works of Roman Rakhmanny, attracted the attention of large numbers of politicians, scholars, journalists, and publicists. It was widely reviewed and critics noted that the body of Rakhmanny’s writings enriches “the theory and practice of world journalism, and is an instrument for researching life and predicting the development of socio-political thought in the contemporary world.” For this work in March, 1994, Roman Rakhmanny received Ukraine’s highest award, the Shevchenko State Prize.
A selection of Roman Rakhmanny’s essays and articles entitled Rozdumy pro Ukrainu (Meditations on Ukraine) was published in Kyiv in 1997. In late 1999 a Ukrainian translation of his doctoral dissertation entitled Literary-ideological trends in Western Ukraine, 1919-1939, was published in Kyiv under the title:Literaturno-ideolohichni napriamky v Zakhidnii Ukraini, 1919-1939 roky.
Bibliography:Marunchak, M. Biohrafichnyi slovnyk do istorii ukraintsiv Kanady, Winnipeg, 1986. Komenchuk, Ya. “Ukrainska publitsystyka v otsintsi krytyky:[Otsinka zhurnalistychnoyi pratsi R. Rakhmannoho] Vyzvolnyi shliakh, 1985, No. 10. Bedrii, A. “Perlyny ideolohichnoyi ³ politychno-istorychnoyi publitsystyky,” Vyzvolnyi shliakh, 1989, No. 8. Zaborskyi, D. “Publitsyst mysli ³ sertsia,” Literaturna Ukraina, 20 January 1994.
(Source:L. Snitsarchuk, in Ukrainska zhurnalistyka v imenakh (A Biographical Dictionary of Ukrainian Journalism), Lviv, 1998, 5th ed., Natsionalna Akademiya Nauk Ukrainy (National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, V. Stefanyk Library in Lviv, the Research Center for Periodicals. Editor:M. M. Romaniuk.